Monday, July 6, 2020
document.createElement('audio'); https://media.blubrry.com/admissions_straight_talk/p/www.accepted.com/IV_with_Ben_Faw.mp3Podcast: Play in new window | Download | EmbedSubscribe: Apple Podcasts | Android | Google Podcasts | Stitcher | TuneIn | SpotifyHumility, valuing relationships, knowing yourself, helping children overcome disabilities Perhaps Ã¢â¬Å"HarvardÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"MBAÃ¢â¬ are not the first words that come to mind. Listen to the recording of our conversation with Ben Faw, West Point grad and veteran, Harvard MBA and author of the hugely popular article Ã¢â¬Å"What my MBA at Harvard did NOT teach me,Ã¢â¬ for an inside look into HBS and some very refreshing views and advice about life and b-school, and applying for your MBA. 00:03:07 Ã¢â¬â Breaking some stereotypes about the HBS experience on LinkedIn. 00:06:58 Ã¢â¬â A 2-year transformation at Harvard Business School. 00:11:39 Ã¢â¬â Stepping out of the comfort zone: The best part of being at HBS. 00:14:43 Ã¢â¬â What can be improved at HBS. 00:17:44 Ã¢â¬â A word about gender issues. 00:20:06 Ã¢â¬â A New Way to Start a Day. This is worth a try! 00:25:05 Ã¢â¬âThe challenges and advantages of coming to b-school from the military. 00:28:10 Ã¢â¬â Post-grad plans at LinkedIn. 00:31:02 Ã¢â¬â Inspired Reading: Making an impact on the lives of children. 00:34:42 Ã¢â¬â What Ben wishes he had known 3 years ago. 00:37:25 Ã¢â¬â Excellent advice for business school applicants. *Theme music is courtesy of podcastthemes.com. Related Links: Ã¢â¬ ¢ MBA Admissions A-Z: 26 Great Tips Ã¢â¬ ¢ MBA Admission for Smarties Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Accepted Guide to Getting into Harvard Business School Ã¢â¬ ¢ What my MBA at Harvard did NOT teach me, BenÃ¢â¬â¢s article Ã¢â¬ ¢ A New Way to Start Each Day Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Speaking Story Ã¢â¬ ¢ Inspired Reading Related Shows: Ã¢â¬ ¢ MBAs Across America: Entrepreneurs with a Heart Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Case Interview Secrets and More with Victor Cheng Ã¢â¬ ¢ How to Become a Management Consultant Ã¢â¬ ¢ Business, Law and Beyond: An Interview with John Engelman Ã¢â¬ ¢ Which Graduate Schools Should You Apply to? Subscribe to Admissions Straight Talk:
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Alessandro Pereyra Mr. Platt IB English-SL 6 November 2015 Jake Barnes as a Hemingway Code Hero in The Sun Also Rises Ernest Hemingway developed the Hemingway code hero after World War I as a representation of those who suffered after the brutality of war. Featured in many of HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s novels, the Hemingway Code Hero adheres to an unwritten, tacit set of self-established values and guidelines throughout all venues of life. He is a man characterized with a severe amount of drinking, enjoys an unusual sport, and an extravagant. In Ernest HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s fiction novel The Sun Also Rises, Jake Barnes can be considered a Hemingway Code Hero because of his unique physical and psychological attributes, self-examinations, and devotion to the nada concept. The protagonist of The Sun Also Rises is Jake Barnes, a passionate and honest man. Unfortunately, he is a veteran of World War I, and suffered a critical injury that left him impotent. Although a lot of his pain derives from his physical injury, Barnes endures emotional injuries in his inability to fall in love with the one he truly loves, Lady Brett Ashley. Brett is a gorgeous and attractive woman who is in love with Jake; sadly, Brett is a realist who knows that Jake is impotent and is incapable to consummate their relationship. When Jake proposes the idea of them living together, Brett replies, Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think so. IÃ¢â¬â¢d just tromper [Jake] with everybodyÃ¢â¬ (62). Although Jake attempts to find a silver lining in their complicatedShow MoreRelated Jake Barnes as Hemingway Code Hero in The Sun Also Rises Essay1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesJake Barnes as Hemingway Code Hero in The Sun Also Rises Ã Ã Ã Ã The portrayal of heroism is an essential aspect of literature, and every writer delineates his heroes through their ability to triumph over adversity. Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) consistently defined and distinguished his heroes through an echoing set of characteristics that form a characteristic Hemingway Code Hero. A Code Hero is one that distinguishes himself by his ability to demonstrate graceRead MoreHemingway Code Hero Essay1172 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesErnest Hemingway, author of The Sun Also Rises, brands his main character Jake Barnes, a Hemingway code hero. The Hemingway code hero is defined as one who faces several problems yet faces them with undeniable dignity; when under pressure he deals with it with so much poise, it is hard to detect he is faced with a challenge. Also according to Hemingway, this man must accept that the world can bring misery upon anyone and while realizing this must learn to enjoy life (Melvin C. Miles). This man willRead MoreThe Existence Of Hemingway s Code Hero1639 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Code HeroÃ¢â¬ was first explored in 1952 by Hemingway expert Philip Young in his book Ernest Hemingway (Later revised in 1962 as Ernest Hemingway: A Reconsideration). Hemingway himself defines the Code Hero as Ã¢â¬Å"a man who lives correctly, following the ideals of honor, courage and endurance in a world that is sometimes chaotic, often stressful, and always painfulÃ¢â¬ . Ultimately the Code Hero will lose because even heroes are mortal, but the true measure of a man is how they face death. The Code HeroRead More Ernest Hemingway: Allegorical Figures In The Sun Also Rises1227 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Ernest Hemingway: Allegorical Figures in The Sun Also Rises Thesis: Hemingway deliberately shaped the protagonists in The Sun Also Rises as allegorical figures. OUTLINE I. The Sun Also Rises A. Hemingways novel. B. Hemingways protagonists are deliberately shaped as allegorical figures. C. Novel symbolizing the impotence after W.W.I. II. Jake Barnes. A. Wound. 1. Damaged genitalia. 2. Cant make love. 3. Feels desire. B. Wound is symbol of life in years after W.W.I. C. Wound from accident. 1Read MoreHemingway s The World War I, Lost Generation, By Ernest Hemingway1460 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshas been no American writer like Ernest Hemingway. A member of the World War I Ã¢â¬Å"lost generation,Ã¢â¬ Hemingway was in many ways his own best character. Whether as his childhood nickname of Ã¢â¬Å"ChampÃ¢â¬ or as the older Ã¢â¬Å"Papa,Ã¢â¬ Ernest Hemingway became a legend of his own lifetime. Although the drama and romance of his life sometimes seem to overshadow the quality of his work, Hemingway was first and foremost a literary scholar, a writer and reader of books. Hemingway enjoyed being famous, and delighted in playingRead More Plight of the Code Hero in the Works of Ernest Hemingway Essay2466 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe Plight of the Code Hero in the Works of Ernest Hemingway Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In his novels Ernest Hemingway suggests a code of behavior for his characters to follow: one that demands courage in difficult situations, strength in the face of adversity, and grace under pressure.Ã Termed the code hero, this character is driven by the principal ideals of honor, courage, and endurance in a life of stress, misfortune, and pain.Ã Despite the heros fight against life in this violent and disorderly worldRead MoreThe Characteristics of Hemingways Works2503 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesThe Characteristics of HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s Works Ernest Hemingway, who was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 and the Nobel Prize of Literature in 1954, occupies an outstanding position in the American literature. He is regarded as one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century. Hemingway is famous for his distinct writing style and his Ã¢â¬Å"Code Hero.Ã¢â¬ In addition, his many great works are based on his experiences of war. HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s writing style is arguably the most distinctive characteristicRead MoreSilvia Parra Dela Longa. Professor: Leslie Richardson.1404 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLeslie Richardson ENGL 2342 26 February 2017 The Style of Ernest Hemingway According to critic Robert McCrum, associate literary editor of The Observer, and writer of six novels (theguardian.com) The Sun also Rises ranks number 53 on the list of the 100 best novels of 20th century American Literature. Why does The Sun Also Rises is respected as landmark in the world of words? One of the reasons is about the writing style of Hemingway, which transformed the path of American and English literature.Read MoreThe Sun Also Rises Critical Essay3893 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagessees Jake Barnes as adopting a kind of desperate caution as his modus vivendi. Halliday concludes that the movement of the novel is a movement of progressive emotional insularity and that the novels theme is one of moral atrophy. [Hemingways Narrative Perspective, in Sewanee Review, 1952.] In his The Death of Love in The Sun Also Rises, Mark Spilka finds a similarly negative meaning in the novel. Thus Spilka arrives at the position that in naming the abiding earth as the hero of theRead MoreEssay about The Great Gatsby and The Sun Also Rises 2160 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesas Ernest Hemingway, Edith Wharton, Anita Loos, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Sinclair Lewis were some of the popular fiction authors of the 1920s who both entertained and delighted their readers, while also offering an intelligent reality check about the limits and realities of the American Dream. The Sun Also Rises was one of the earliest novels to encapsulate the ideas of the Lost Generation and the shortcomings of the American Dream. The novel, by Ernest Hemingway, follows Jake Barnes and a group
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
I have always struggled with loving myself, because I am too concerned about seeking love from others. I believe this controversy is created by myself attempting to become suitable for society s standards. Changing hairstyles, buying expensive clothes and accessories, and keeping up to date with the newest technology is only a few of the many deeds I have performed in order to gain societal adoration. I am constantly going out of my way to ensure that my peers will accept and love me. Therefore, I am often too over-run searching for love rather than simply granting it to myself. I desire to love me for me and not for what I have been attempting to be. I believe that my current actions towards my personal wellness will positively assist in the love and appreciation I need to provide for myself. In addition, I understand that I must stop worshiping the world and its requirements and start focusing more on me. I am someone who has concentrated on searching for the love and acceptance of others, but is realizing that I, too, need to love and accept myself. Creating and maintaining positive relationships have never been a strength of mine. Throughout my adolescent years, I formed an extremely unhealthy relationship with my parents. My attitude towards them were unpleasant and troubling. I had learned to isolate myself from them completely. I stopped telling them about school events, because I was too embarrassed of their presence. I halted all areas of our communication,Show MoreRelatedPersonal Statement : My Personal Wellness Plan826 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMy Personal Wellness Plan The goal I chose is to live a healthy lifestyle which in terms will add years to my life. In this transformation I chose to eat healthier, exercise more, drink plenty water and add supplements to my personal wellness plan. I will devote a significant amount of time to each area of this wellness plan over the next eight weeks to get the ultimate results. Below are specific goals and a plan of action that I will be doing over the course of eight weeks; in an effort to makeRead MorePersonal Statement : My Own Wellness1423 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesone are at their highest level of wellness. In my initial review of my own wellness, I could easily establish that my psychological health was in the most need of beneficial changes, while other concepts like physical and occupational health seemed to be in better standings. Little did I know, that while I was consciously working on my weakest points of health, I was overlooking many paramount details associated with the aspects on my health I bel ieved to be my strongest. It was brought to lightRead MoreHolistic Health Is Based On Many Different Aspects850 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBefore I took the wellness index, I had no idea that holistic health is based on many different aspects. For example, I had no idea that finding meaning, or transcending played a big role in a person s holistic health. In addition, the results for some aspects also shocked me, and I need to work more on them. The first one I need to work on would be wellness and communication. In both my personal, and professional life I need to work on ways to communicate better so that everyone I work with isRead MoreThe Agency For Healthcare Research And Quality1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprovides tools and resources to help health care organizations plan, implement, and evaluate health information technology. In addition, AHRQ also provide funds research health information technology to help improve the quality of health care. My Wellness Personal Record Systems or PHR was one of a research IT project funded by the AHRQ. The aims of this paper are to: (1) analyze the part the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) plays in health care information systems acquisition; (2) addressRead MoreThe Stressors : Family And Relationship, Work, And Social Stressors944 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPersonal Stressors The stressors that I relate to most often are family and relationship, work, and social stressors. The first one that I relate to most often is due to family problems which then turn in marital disagreement. For example, when my mother in law lived with us she wanted to raise our children her way which included giving bottle until my kids were over five years and blending all the foods to a child that was over three years of age. When this situations were happening I felt thatRead MoreEssay about Personal Nursing Philosophy748 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMy Personal Nursing Philosophy Tracie Johnson NUR/391 June 28, 2010 Andrea M. Abt My Personal Nursing Philosophy Ã¢â¬Å"Philosophies of nursing are statements of beliefs about nursing and expressions of values in nursing that are used as bases for thinking and acting. Most philosophies are built on a foundation of beliefs about people, environment, health, and nursingÃ¢â¬ (Chitty amp; Black, p. 298). By using person, environment, health, and nursing as a guideline to achieve the ultimate goalsRead MoreMy Nursing Philosophy1264 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Every nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophy develops through education and experience. As I reflect on my clinical experiences and nursing education thus far, I acknowledge that I have unknowingly developed a set of values, beliefs, and virtues that makes up my personal nursing philosophy. As I move forward in my nursing education, the values and beliefs that I have associated with a diverse patient population, health, the environment, and the role of the professional nurse will progress with me. TheRead MorePersonal Statement: Family Nurse Practitioner657 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPersonal statement: Family Nurse Practitioner I have always wanted to be a nurse: I do not think there is any task that is as satisfying as treating a patient physically, psychologically, emotionally and spiritually. I first pursued my LPN, and immediately I knew I had chosen the right career path. Every day, no matter how tired and weary I felt at the end of the day, I was invigorated by the sense that I had made a positive change in the lives of my patients. To build upon my capabilities to helpRead MoreLeadership Theory And Implementation Of The Doctorate Of Nursing Practice Project1570 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFamily Medical and Wellness Care, LLC. This facility has a published Mission Statement to guide practice. The Mission Statement declares Slidell Family Medical and Wellness Care, LLC provides primary medical and wellness care to clients age two through end-of-life in an environment of partnership and mutual respect to attain goals that will lead to health promotion, health maintenance, illness management and an improved quality of life. (Krewsky, 2013) This Mission Statement is aligned with theRead MoreThe Impact Of Nurse Fatigue1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageslives, without realizing the number of duties this career demands. Nurses may suffer in silence when they are experiencing stress. The effects can impact safe and reliable care by decreasing job satisfaction, decreasing productivity, causing poor personal health, and compromising patient care. Many facilities would benefit from implementing evidence-based strategies to address nurse fatigue and burnout. There are many reasons why a healthcare worker or nurse may feel fatigued. Most of the time nurses
Question: Explain why a stable economic equilibrium requires the economy to be operating at an output level at which the aggregate demand curve, the long run aggregate supply curve and the short run aggregate supply curve all intersect. Answer: Introduction: A stable economic equilibrium requires the economy to be operating at output level at which the aggregate demand curve, the long run aggregate supply curve and short run aggregate supply curve all intersect because of the following economic principle; the quantity demanded adjust to equal the quantity supplied. In long run, natural forces influence the adjustment of supply quantity and demand quantity to attain the equilibrium quantity. A look at long run aggregate supply helps in explaining the above factor. The quantity of output churned to the market by firms defines the price level in the market (Harcourt Kriesler, 2013). As firms supply products into the market, prices tend to change. This adjustment often affect demand pattern within the respective markets. It has been established that when the price of a product rises, firms producing the respective product would increase output quantity with a view of benefiting from the high price in the market. As the quantity supplied overwhelms the market, the excess supply would trigger a drop in demand price (Tieben, 2012). In this case, the producing firms would be adjusting to the demand patterns in the market so that the resultant price, quantity, and demand are at equilibrium. Using the case of natural employment supply in long run, the aggregate supply curve would appear as a vertical line at in a given level of economy output. The employment supply in the respective economy has a single level at which it attains natural level. It follows that the supply curve would adjust to the natural level by shifting towards the right until the employment supplied intersects at real wage (equilibrium state) (Lengwiler, 2006). In this case, the employment market would respond to wage presented in the market to determine a point at which aggregate employment supply and aggregate wage intersect. The natural forces tend to push the adjustment of the employment supply and wage to intersect (Tieben 2012). It is observable that high price P4 would attract high supply of employment (labour), but the economy would not sustain it. This would push the aggregate wage to P2 where the supply quantity intersects with the demanded quantity. Here, the wage defines the quantity supplied and quantity demanded. From this illustrated, in long run natural forces pushes the demand quantity to shift leftward while supply quantity shifting rightward to intersect at equilibrium. In this state, the quantity required by the economy equals the quantity supplied. The demand pattern in an economy affects the supply curve and determines the equilibrium real gross domestic product (GDP) and price level in the long run. The increase in demand within the economy will destabilise the economy by putting more pressure on suppliers to meet the needs of market (Dixon Jorgenson 2013). It follows that in the short run, the economy would witness a shortage of supply then the market shall adjust to fill the demand gap. The graph below is illustrates the way quantity of demand behave in short run then settles in the long run. At AD1 the demand quantity is at equilibrium meaning that the economy is at equilibrium. Increase in aggregate demand would push the economy to disequilibrium because the supply quantity will not intersect with the demand quantity (Devereux Sutherland, 2007). The rise in demand pushes the price to 1.18, but at this point the economy is not able to sustain this price. It means only a few firms shall be able to pay wages at this price. In the long run, natural forces shall trigger the economy to invest more in supplying employment into the market (Boyes Melvin, 2012). With the increased supply of employment the quantity demanded will try to adjust until it intersects with the quantity supplied (Starr, 2011). In the above graph, it is observable that high price at 1.18 would only attract a few firms to buy the employment. In this case, the wage price for employment would influence the quantity supplied and demanded. In most instances, the consumers consider other factors such as sustainability of the demand price. On the account of this view, demand at high price shall is only tenable in short run (Monroe, 2009). In the above graph, AD3 is only realizable in the short run because the economy cannot continue supporting decreased demand at high supply, therefore natural forces shall push the demanded quantity to the right intersecting with the supplied quantity at AD1. In conclusion, long run equilibrium takes place at the point of intersection aggregate demand curve and aggregate supply curve. The long equilibrium appears at three different price values, but the potential output of the economy remains the same per year. In this case, the shifts that of the long run aggregate demand to the right or left largely depend on the price level. It has been established that as the demand level rises, the producers respond by setting prices slightly higher than the equilibrium price. Interestingly, the quantity produced in the economy remains nearly the same. It follows that the natural forces would then shift the aggregate quantity supplied by increasing it. This development would shift until the aggregate supplied quantity intersects with the aggregate demanded quantity. In this case, the price tend to shift from low to high and back to the equilibrium level while the potential output of the economy remains the same. References Boyes, W. Melvin, M. (2012). Economics. New York: Cengage Learning. Devereux, B. D. Sutherland, A. (2007). Solving for Country Portfolios in Open Economy Macro Models, Issues 2007-2284. Washington DC: International Monetary Fund. Dixon, B. P. Jorgenson, D. (2013). Handbook of Computable General Equilibrium Modelling. New York: Newnes. Harcourt, C. G. Kriesler, P. (2013). The Oxford Handbook of Post-Keynesian Economics, Volume 2: Critiques and Methodology. New York: OUP USA. Lengwiler, Y. (2006). Microfoundations of Financial Economics: An Introduction to General Equilibrium Asset Pricing. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Monroe, K. H. (2009). Can Markets Compute Equilibra? Washington DC: International Monetary Fund. Starr, M. R. (2011). General Equilibrium Theory: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Tieben, B. (2012). The Concept of Equilibrium in Different Economic Traditions: An Historical Investigation. London: Edward Edgar Publishing.
Tuesday, April 21, 2020
Ted Bundy: The Biography of a Serial Killer March 11, 1999 Ted Bundy: A Biography of a Serial Killer INTRODUCTION University educated serial sex killer whose good looks and charm enabled him to lure at least 30 young women to their deaths. Handsome, intelligent, socially recognized, Ted Bundy had been a law student, Boy Scout, a college degree with a major in psychology, involved in a Washington State party politics, and even served as a counselor at the Seattle Crisis Center. The public personality of Ted Bundy suggested nothing of the serial killer he truly was. IN THE BEGINNING After spending the last remaining months of her pregnancy at a home for unwed mothers, 22 year old Eleanor Louise Cowell gave birth to her son, Theodore Robert Cowell on November 24, 1946. Ted's natural father, Lloyd Marshall, who was an air force veteran, was unknown to him for the rest of his life. Shortly after the birth, he and his mother moved to Philadelphia to live with Eleanor's parents, who he would later refer to as mother and father. This plan allowed Eleanor to escape any harsh criticism and prejudice for being an unwed mother. Theodore grew up referring to his own mother as his older sister. At the age of four, Ted moved to Tacoma, Washington, with his natural mother to live with relatives. They legally changed their names to Theodore Robert Nelson and Louise Cowell. One year later, Louise married a cook by the name of Johnnie Culpepper Bundy, whose last name Ted would assume for the rest of his life. Louise and Johnnie had four other siblings who Ted spent much of his time babysitting. Ted and his new father never took to each other, despite Johnnie's attempts at camping and other father-son activities. The only man he would ever look up to was his grandfather who lived in Pennsylvania, and yet he was forced to leave him to move to a strange place. Throughout school, Ted was terribly shy and was often teased by bullies. However, he was able to maintain a high grade point average that would continue through high school and college. He didn't date much, but occupied his time elsewhere with interests in skiing and politics. In 1965, Ted graduated and won a scholarship to the University of Puget Sound and in 1966 he transferred to the University of Washington to study Chinese. He was often thought unreliable; floating through one low-level job after another. He still continued to maintain a high grade point average. In 1967, Ted met a beautiful woman by the name of Stephanie Brooks. He was everything he had ever dreamed in a woman. She was raised in a high class Californian family, and was highly sophisticated and wealthy. Although they had many differences, they both loved to ski and it was during their many ski trips that they began to fall in love. Stephanie was the first woman Ted was ever involved with sexually. However, Stephanie was not as infatuated with Ted as he was with her. She liked him, but believed that he had no real direction or future goals. She wanted someone who would fit in her lifestyle. Ted tried too hard to impress her, even if that meant lying, something which she disagreed with. In 1968, after graduating from the University of Washington, Stephanie broke up her relationship with Ted. Ted never recovered from the break up. His life started to fall apart as he dropped out of school and stopped participating in the things he enjoyed. But Ted was obsessed with her and he couldn't get her out of his mind. It was an obsession that would span his lifetime and lead to a series of events that would shock the world. THE TIME OF CHANGE Shortly after his breakup, he found out his true parentage. During this time of life, he changed from a shy character to a more focused and domineering one. He suddenly became driven to prove himself and possibly Stephanie, that he could do what ever he wanted to. He re-enrolled at the University of Washington and studied psychology. Bundy became an honors student and was well liked by his professors. During this time, Ted met Meg Anders, a woman whom he would be involved
Monday, March 16, 2020
Analysis of Act IV scene 1, in three different versions of The Merchant Of Venice Essay Example Analysis of Act IV scene 1, in three different versions of The Merchant Of Venice Paper Analysis of Act IV scene 1, in three different versions of The Merchant Of Venice Paper Essay Topic: Merchant Of Venice Play Act IV scene 1 is an intense scene in the play where we see many of the plays main themes such as justice and mercy, money and status, revenge, loyalty, love and prejudice and tolerance. Shakespeare presents a harsh character in Shylock the Jew, but the fact that he also gives him the chance to speak more than any other European playwright preceding him would suggest that his portrayal is not conventional but much more complex for example in his words in Act III scene 1, lines 57-58: I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions? Much of Shakespeares enduring appeal has been in his amazing portrayal of the complexities of the human condition for example Hamlet or Macbeth. Traditionally Jews were the evil villains of Elizabethan drama, frequently Machiavellian or greedy but unlike his contemporaries Shakespeares characters were never simply good or evil but embody the complex mix within each of us that makes us human. The main dilemma in staging this play today is in the consideration of Shakespeares possible anti-semitism and/or sympathies towards his character and indeed whether Shylock only represents the Jewish people or whether he is symbolic of oppression of minority races in general. Through Shylocks forced conversion in this scene we are reminded of the conversions of other religions according to the ruler of the time such as Henry VIII. This would suggest that Shakespeare is using Shylock as more than a symbol of Jewishness. In this piece of coursework I will be examining mainly how sympathetic or unsympathetic the various versions seem to be and how each Director has succeeded in making the character of Shylock worthy of Shakespeares realism. Jews were traditionally viewed as outsiders and were not citizens. Christians as far back as the 11th century could not lend money without interest and many Jews earned a living from this profession as they could not join the artisan guilds. As they became their own debt collectors they soon became the target of resentment. A myth was born; with which Shakespeares audience would have been familiar, of ritual murder or blood libel that Jews would kill adult Christians. It is to this myth to which Shakespeare seems to allude in the pound of flesh incident in this scene. Shakespeare is original in showing us the extent to which Shylock is oppressed by Christians surrounding him and it is through this that Shakespeare succeeds in drawing out sympathy from his audience. Analysis of Act IV scene 1 In the text of Act IV scene 1 before we meet Shylock he is described as a stony adversary, an inhuman wretch, incapable of pity, void and empty from any dram of mercy. Antonio describes Shylocks spirit as being full of tyranny and rage. When Shylock enters into the scene the Duke challenges him saying The world thinks, and I think so too, that thou but leadest this fashion of thy malice To the last hour of act, and then tis thought Thoult show thy mercy and remorse more strange than is thy strange apparent cruelty. At this point the audience is immediately drawn into the suspense of the scene. The Duke speaks for everyone in hoping that Shylock will back down. The combination of the Dukes speech on mercy and his hope for a gentle answer with Shylocks contemptuous reply serves to further provoke the audience. Calling Shylock Jew instead of using his name also manipulates the audiences reactions into thinking of the stereotype rather than the individual. At this point the Duke says Let him stand before our face suggests Shylock should stand centre stage for this speech. Shylocks reply to the Duke and onlookers is so long winded that he immediately loses favour. This speech would be effective if he was standing up as he speaks about his values. It is a central point in the scene as it is his first opportunity to defend himself but he does not elicit sympathy from his onlookers. He is instead twisting, evasive and difficult: So can I give no reason, nor I will not, more than a lodged hatred and a certain loathing I bear Antonio. He ends this key speech in his defence with an open admission of his hatred. His illustrations of animals, later paralleled in Antonios speech, are deliberately offensive. He plays with the words of Bassanio, twists them and turns them back on the speaker providing a quickfire dialogue which builds up the tension from the outset. The repeated references to the Jew suggest an element of anti-semitism. The imagery of the wolf and the lamb is very effective as it evokes both blood lust for an innocent creature and also the key theme of religion in the form of the lamb of God. His Jewish heart again evokes the stereotype of the unfeeling moneylender. The Dukes repeated pleas for mercy, a key theme in the scene, serve only to enforce Shylocks determination to have exactly what he is owed: the pound of flesh. Ironically this steadfast and unrelenting desire to have his bond is what ultimately results in his downfall at the end of the scene. There is a certain irony in Shylocks swearing on our holy Sabbath to have his bond as God teaches forgiveness. His demand of What judgement shall I dread, doing no wrong? conveys his arrogance as he seems utterly convinced of being in the right. When Shylock challenges his onlookers as to their treatment of slaves, this could suggest a defence of those oppressed and support the view that Shakespeares position was not only pro-Jewish but more globally in support of oppressed minorities in general. The climax of Shylocks claim is spoken with great force and evokes some sympathy finally when he alludes to how the pound of flesh is dearly bought. I would exploit this line as a key point in his speech. When he demands the fatal reply from the Court it is ironic as it is the intricacies of the law of Venice which eventually condemns him. He could conceivably be holding his bond in his hand at this stage for maximum visual impact. Bassanios words The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones and all are somewhat reminiscent of Shylocks earlier words in Act III scene I: I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions? His reference to one drop of blood also sets the scene for what will unfold and heightens the audiences suspense as to a possible blood libel. Gratianos pun on sole and soul indicate for us how Shylock is sharpening his knife. At this point sympathy for Shylock must be at its lowest as he does indeed come across as having bloody and ravenous desires and he again seems to dismiss Bassanios words with contempt. Antonio and Bassanio must surely end this section feeling thoroughly pessimistic. Their speech would surely be filled with tension and a desperate sense of urgency. With Portias arrival, however, the mood immediately lightens. As a symbol of Christianity her determined pleas for mercy provide hope for a more positive outcome and compel the audience further. Even Portia refers initially to Shylock as the Jew. Her lyrical and moving speech regarding the quality of mercy dropping as the gentle rain from heaven contrasts sharply with Antonios earlier speech on Shylocks lack of mercy: You may as well forbid the mountain pines to wag their high tops and to make no noise when they are fretten with the gusts of heaven. It also contrasts with Shylocks short punctuated sentences. When Portia suggests that Shylock will be blessed in return for showing mercy it is loaded with irony as at the end he is granted mercy regardless of not having done the same. Shylocks patience seems to be running out when he challenges Portias words: My deeds upon my head, I crave the law, the penalty and forfeit of my bond. I imagine this said with controlled anger. Throughout this speech Shylock remains determined and unmoved. He continues to make religious references and begins to compliment Portia on her apparent wisdom. He recites passages from his bond one imagines in a tone of expectation at things going his way. When Bassanio and Gratiano speak with great emotion of their own wives whom they would sacrifice for Antonios sake, their words are contrasted with Shylocks to great effect: I have a daughter. This for the first time really underlines the pain that Shylock has been caused and shows that rather than being a man incapable of emotion, that he too has suffered greatly and that this is at the root of his determination to have what he is rightfully owed. The change in mood at this point makes Portias verdict even more shocking and sudden. Ironically Shylock who seemed earlier to know every word of his bond now seems somewhat uncertain for the first time as Portia recites the word of the law to him: Is that the law? He then persists in d emanding the bond thrice and seems suddenly unsettled, edgy and in a hurry to depart. This is conveyed through his short, punctuated speech. Towards the end of the scene in a dramatic and ironic role reversal we see Shylock begging for his livelihood and his life: Nay, take my life and all, pardon not that. You take my house, when you do take the prop That doth sustain my house; you take my life, When you do take the means whereby I live. His poignant words I am content in reply to the verdict granted by the Court I imagine being said with utmost humility. His claims of being not well could elicit sympathy from the audience. We are reminded here of him as not only being a cantankerous man but primarily an old man, fragile and ephemeral like other humans. It is on this note that Shakespeare chooses to herald Shylocks exit. Discussion of version 1 The Channel 4 television version was produced and directed by Alan Horrox and starred Bob Peck as Shylock and Benjamin Whitrow as Antonio. This version was very traditional it was set in Venice in the sixteenth century and was filmed both in studio (Millennium studios) and on location in Venice. Music is also used in this version both during Portias speech on mercy and again when Shylock is going to cut Antonio this adds to the suspense of the scene. This version portrays Shylock in parts as a harsh character for whom you would show less sympathy. He is portrayed as a haughty character and points his finger at Antonio saying The pound of flesh which I demand of him is dearly bought, tis mine and I will have it. In a later part of the scene his haughty attitude is reinforced when he is again asked to show mercy he replies On what compulsion must I? Tell me that. Close up camera work was used effectively at this point. Shylocks character changes when he feels things are going his way, he grovels to Portia and praises her, he has a look of pleasure on his face when he unsheathes his knife and is ready to cut Antonio. When Shylock is about to cut Antonio he notices that he has a cross around his neck and so he pushes it over his shoulder demonstrating his dislike of Christianity. However, his attitude changes to one of shock when Portia stops him. From this point onward one is inclined to feel sorry for Shylock as he goes from being quite wealthy to losing everything because of his own stubborn attitude and lack of sympathy. At the very end of the scene when Shylock is on his knees you are inclined to feel sympathetic towards him. Discussion of version 2 Trevor Nunn directed this version and it starred Henry Goodman as Shylock and David Bamber as Antonio. It was filmed at Pinewood Studios. The setting was very stark with most actors wearing dark suits and it was set in the 1920s in between the two World Wars. Through this version we see the many different sides to Shylocks character. At the start of the scene he appears as an old man who has difficulty in walking which elicits a little sympathy. However, Shylocks character is strong and when he is insisting on his bond the previous feeling of sympathy changes to one of abhorrence. His dislike of both Christianity and Antonio is noted early in the scene by his facial expression when he states, More than a lodged hate and a certain loathing I bear Antonio, that I follow thus. Antonio further emphasises Shylocks Jewishness when he states As seek to soften that than which whats harder? His Jewish heart. here showing how Shylock is viewed as hard hearted. Feelings change again when Shylock says with regard to his daughter dearly bought as this evokes sympathy for him and close up camera work is used effectively at this point. Shylock speaks with anger refusing to show mercy and insisting on his bond. When Bassanio said Yes, here I tender it for him in the court, Yea, twice the sum, if that will not suffice, I will be bound to pay it ten times oer On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart. If this will not suffice, it must appear That malice bears down truth applause was used effectively to show support for Antonio and to isolate Shylock. Shylock goes on to appear very happy and excited at the prospect of receiving his bond. However, when the tables are turned he is stubborn and refuses to beg for mercy this could evoke anti-semitic feelings as he is portrayed standing alone while Antonio has the support of his Christian friends. Although Shylock remained seated at the end I still felt sorry for him as he looked old and frail especially when he removed his Jewish hat and cloth placing them on the scales as he left. Discussion of version 3 This version was directed for television by John Sichel and starred Laurence Olivier as Shylock, Anthony Nichols as Antonio. The actors all wore Victorian costumes and the setting was like a board meeting with all in attendance sitting round it and the furniture was very ornate. This created a highly pressurised environment. Shylock was more confident and walked round the table, his voice was strong and facial expressions were used effectively to portray his emotions. Again we see the confident, stubborn man in early scenes when Shylock is demanding his bond. He shows his disgust and hatred of Antonio both by his facial expression and tone of voice, when he says a certain loathing I bear Antonio. He shows his confidence in his demands when he walks about saying What judgement shall I dread, doing no wrong? His feelings show pleasure as he smiles when sharpening his knife to cut his pound of flesh. He speaks with great arrogance when he says, On what compulsion must I? showing his determination to have what is owed. There is sarcasm in his voice when he refers to Christian husbands willing to sacrifice their wives for Antonio by saying These be the Christian husbands. The lighting was impressive throughout the scene and there was effective close up camera work during Portias speech, for example, when she said, It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes. and also when Shylock made the statement I have a daughter because this focused on Shylocks suffering for the first time.. In this version Shylock is a more arrogant character. He raises his voice and gets extremely angry and looks shocked and surprised when he asks the question Is that the law? At the very end of the scene you feel sorry for Shylock, as he seems old, fragile and weak. He looks as though he has lost everything in the world and he has to hold onto a pillar for support. He falls to the ground and is helped out of the room. The scene ends with just the sound of Shylock crying outside which is very effective as it emphasises his isolation. Comparison of versions and personal opinions Although all three versions told exactly the same story they all had very different settings and portrayed Shylock in a slightly different way although each one elicited sympathy for him. The Channel 4 version was very colourful and used traditional Shakespearean costumes. Lighting and music were used effectively and the setting gave the impression of a real courtroom. I felt some sympathy for Shylock in this version The Trevor Nunn version was simplistic, with most actors dressed in dark suits. It gave me the impression of rival mafia style gangs. The final version, which was done by the National Theatre Company, was my favourite. Laurence Olivier portrayed Shylock as a strong confident character who moved around the room making him appear more arrogant than in the other two versions but also eliciting sympathy. I felt this version was the best as it succeeded in conveying the complexities of Shylocks character. We saw both arrogance and frailty and I thought it conveyed the story as Shakespeare was trying to put it across in the text.
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Ballistics - Essay Example A ballistic body is a body which is free to move, behave, and be modified in appearance, contour, or texture by ambient conditions, substances, or forces, as by the pressure of gases in a gun, by rifling in a barrel, by gravity, by temperature, or by air particles. A ballistic missile is a missile designed to operate in accordance with the laws of ballistics. Forensic ballistics involves analysis of bullets and bullet impacts to determine the type. Separately from ballistics information, firearm and tool mark examinations involve analyzing firearm, ammunition, and tool mark evidence in order to establish whether a certain firearm or tool was used in the commission of a crime. [Anthony A. Braga,1 Ph.D. and Glenn L. Pierce,2 Ph.D.] The specifications like Forensic ballistics, the science of analyzing firearm usage in crimes, Internal ballistics, the study of the processes originally accelerating the projectile, for example the passage of a bullet through the barrel of a rifle, Transition ballistics, the study of the projectile's behavior when it leaves the barrel and the pressure behind the projectile is equalized, External ballistics, the study of the passage of the projectile through space or the air, Terminal ballistics, the study of the interaction of a projectile with its target, whether that be flesh (for a hunting bullet), steel (for an anti-tank round), or even furnace slag (for an industrial slag disruptor) [Wikipedia] Ballistics has been used in forensic technology such as ballistic fingerprinting, imaging, etc. Ballistics imaging technology has received tremendous attention as a potent tool for moving the law enforcement response to violent gun criminals forward by linking multiple crime scenes to one firearm.[www.cybersniper.com] Cost-effectiveness estimates and qualitative evidence also suggest that ballistics imaging technology allows law enforcement agencies to make hits that would not have been possible using traditional ballistics methods. Ballistic fingerprinting, a sub-category of firearms examination, is a forensic method that is intended to help find the gun that was used in a crime by matching the bullet's striations (or striae) with the rifled barrel through which it was fired, or by matching marks on the cartridge case to marks in the chamber and breech. The technique is part of the science of forensic ballistics, and it is an application of tool mark identification. [Wikipedia] Newgard discusses the body's blood loss sensory and compensatory mechanisms (venous constriction, increased cardiac output and vascular fluid transfer), and the degree in which these mechanisms respond to, and compensate for, hemorrhagic shock. He reviews clinical tests of human tolerance for blood loss, which "demonstrate that adequate blood pressure can be maintained with minimal symptoms until a 20% blood deficit was reached." [Newgard, Ken, M.D ] Newgard provides the following example: "For an average 70 kg (155 lb.)* male the cardiac output will be 5.5 liters (1.4 gallons) per minute. His blood volume will be 60 ml per kg (0.92 fl. oz. per lb.) or 4200 ml (1.1 gallons). Assuming his cardiac output can double under stress (as his heart beats faster and with greater force). his aortic blood flow can reach 11 liters (2.8 gallons) per minute. If one assumes a wound that totally severs the thoracic aorta, then it would take 4.6 seconds